Are you curious about how to grow succulents in water?
Growing succulents in water can be a unique and visually appealing way to enjoy these supple plants. While succulents are well-known for their ability to thrive in arid conditions, there are some varieties that can adapt to water propagation.
Here are 10 simple steps on how to grow succulents in water:
1. Choose Your Succulents: Not all succulents are perfect for water propagation. Select one of the varieties that are known to root well in water, such as certain types of jade plants, strings of pearls, and sedums. Avoid the overwatering varieties, because they may be more subject to rot.
Here are just a few very popular varieties you might like to grow:
Jade Plant (Crassula ovata): Jade plants are known for their resilience and adaptability. Their succulent leaves root well in water, making them a great candidate for water propagation.
String of Pearls (Senecio rowleyanus): This hanging succulent with bead-like leaves propagates easily in water. The string-like stems develop roots when placed in water, making it a visually interesting process to follow
- Sedum Succulent Plants: There are over 130 varieties of Sedum plants and many are well-suited for water propagation. Their fleshy leaves can be easily propagated by placing cuttings in water until roots develop. Once rooted, transfer them to well-draining soil for continued growth.
Devil's Backbone (Euphorbia tithymaloides): Also known as Redbird Cactus or Jacob's Ladder, this succulent plant forms zigzagging stems with interesting leaf patterns. It douse tend to root well in water.
Aeoniums: Aeoniums, with their rosette formations, can be propagated in water. The cut ends of the stems root well, and once established, they can be transferred to soil.
Kalanchoe: There are more than of 100 varieties of Kalanchoe plants, and many, such as Kalanchoe daigremontiana (Mother of Thousands), can be propagated in water. The plantlets along the leaf margins tend to root easily.
Pothos (Epipremnum aureum): Pothos is not a succulent, but it's a popular houseplant with succulent-like characteristics. It's easy to propagate in water, and some succulent lovers, myself included, enjoy experimenting with water propagation for pothos cuttings. They are so easy to grow!
2. Pick Healthy Cuttings: Use a clean, sharp pair of scissors or pruning shears to take cuttings from a healthy succulent plant. Choose stems that are at least a few inches long, with no signs of damage or disease. Allow the cuttings to callus for a day or two to reduce the risk of rot.
3. Choose the Right Container: Use a clear glass or plastic container so you can follow the root development easily. Make sure that the container has drainage holes to prevent waterlogging. A shallow container is generally better than a deep one.
4. Add Water: Fill the container with filtered or distilled water. It's necessary to use water without added minerals or chemicals, as tap water can hinder the rooting process. Place the cuttings in the water, assuring that the stems are submerged while the leaves remain above the water line.
5. Place the Pot in Indirect Light: Place the container in a location with bright, indirect light. Avoid direct sunlight, because it can heat up the water and possibly harm the succulent cuttings. A windowsill with filtered light or a well-lit room is ideal.
6. Change the Water Regularly: To prevent the growth of harmful bacteria and algae, be sure to change the water every few days. Rinse the container and refill it with fresh, clean water. This helps restore a healthy environment for the root development.
7. Be Patient: Rooting succulents in water takes time. It can range from a few weeks to a few months, depending on the succulent variety and environmental conditions. Keep an eye on the cuttings regularly to check for signs of their root development.
8. Transplanting: Once the succulent cuttings have developed strong healthy roots, they can be transplanted into soil. Be sure to use a well-draining succulent or cactus soul mix. Gently remove the cuttings from the water, allowing them to air dry for a day, before planting them to encourage the adjustment.
9. Acclimate to Soil: Gradually introduce the newly transplanted succulents to their new soil environment by placing them in a shaded area to start with. Over the course of a week or two, slowly expose them to more sunlight.
10. Watering in Soil: After transplanting, water your succulent plants sparingly. Allow the soil to dry out between waterings to prevent overwatering which will most likely lead to root rot.
- Use a rooting hormone if you want to encourage faster root development. Rooting hormone products consist of chemicals designed to encourage the development of roots, usually applied to plant cuttings to promote healthy root growth.
- Maintain a consistent room temperature for the most rooting.
- Avoid over crowding the cuttings in the water, because this can lead to rot.
Remember that not all succulents will flourish through water propagation, and success may vary based on the ones you choose. Trying out different varieties can be a fun way to explore this growth method and show you how to grow succulents in water.
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